Acne is a skin problem that occurs when blockages develop in hair follicles or pores. These follicles or pores fill up with dead cells and oil, leading to bumps and other symptoms of acne. Acne is a common condition that can be treated in different ways. After treatment, those who are prone to acne can lower the risk of breakouts by washing their skin twice a day, using products for oily skin, and wearing oil-free cosmetics. Acne can be a recurring condition, but it’s also easily managed with home care measures and medical treatment.
Anyone can get acne, but those who have it the most include teenagers and young adults. Infants and women who are middle-aged can also have acne more than usual. Those with risk factors for acne have a higher chance of getting it. These factors include hormonal changes, stress, a family history of acne, and oily skin.
Different factors can cause acne, including the presence of dead skin cells, too much oil production, clogged pores, and bacteria. In some cases, acne can get worse, such as during hormonal changes, when taking certain medications, after eating certain foods that are thought to trigger acne, and when dealing with stress. Cosmetics, greasy foods, and dirty skin don’t increase the risk of acne despite common myths about this skin condition.
The signs of acne include whiteheads, blackheads, small bumps, pimples, and larger lumps known as nodules. Some individuals with acne also experience cystic lesions, which are lumps that are painful and contain pus. Acne usually appears on the face, chest, and back, although it can affect other parts of the body. Those who have symptoms of acne that don’t respond to home care measures should seek professional care for this skin condition.
Treatments for acne include oral medications, topical medications, laser therapy, light therapy, surgery, and chemical peels. These treatments are designed to clear up acne, lower the risk of scarring, and reduce the risk of having acne come back. If not treated effectively, acne can also cause dark spots on the skin, scarring, and low self-esteem or depression. At Elevated Dermatology and Skin Cancer Surgery Center, Dr. Christopher Messana and Dr. Kate Messana help patients determine the most suitable treatment option for their skin. They look forward to helping you feel happy in your skin.
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